Border Collie: A Raça Canina Mais Inteligente, Versátil e Cheia de Curiosidades i-animals

Border Collie: The Most Intelligent, Versatile and Curiosity Dog Breed

 Among all breeds, the Border Collie stands out as one of the most intelligent and versatile. This canine breed, originating from the border regions of Scotland and England, is beloved by breeders and dog enthusiasts alike for its intelligence, herding abilities, and affectionate personality. In this article, we will explore more about this incredible breed, including some lesser-known facts and how they behave with children.

Historical Origins

Border Collies have a fascinating history dating back to the 18th century when they were developed to herd cattle in the border regions of Britain. Their name derives from their geographical origin - "border" meaning border in English, and "collie" referring to shepherd dogs in general. These dogs were highly valued for their innate ability to efficiently and precisely herd cattle.

Exceptional Intelligence

One of the most notable characteristics of Border Collies is their remarkable intelligence. They are often ranked as the smartest canine breed in the world. This exceptional intelligence makes them highly trainable and eager to learn new commands and tricks. They are dogs that thrive on mental stimulation and challenging activities.

Herding Abilities

Border Collies are true masters at herding, and this is deeply rooted in their genetics. They have an innate ability to control the movement of livestock, keeping them in line and under control. Even if they are not used for herding, these dogs have a strong instinct to care for and protect, making them excellent pets for families.

Athleticism and Energy

This breed is known for its boundless energy. Border Collies are athletes by nature and require a significant amount of daily exercise to keep them happy and healthy. Long walks, outdoor play, and activities that challenge their minds are essential to keep them balanced.

Friendly and Loyal Personality

Despite their energy and intensity, Border Collies are known for their friendly and loyal personality. They often form strong attachments to their owners and are always eager to please. They make great companions for active families who are willing to invest time and effort into their care and training.

Behavior with Children

Border Collies are generally friendly and attached to the family, including children. They can be protective and careful with little ones, which makes them great family dogs. However, it is important to supervise the interaction between the breed and young children due to their energy and herding instinct. They may try to herd the children, which is not harmful but can be awkward.

Unexpected Protective Instinct: Although Border Collies are not naturally aggressive, they have a strong protective instinct towards their family. In situations of perceived danger, they may become vigilant and alert, barking or showing signs of discomfort when strangers approach their family or property. This willingness to protect may come as a surprise to many, as they are better known for their herding abilities and intelligence.

However, it is important to note that Border Collies are not guard dogs in the traditional sense, like Rottweilers or German Shepherds, and should not be trained to act aggressively without a valid reason. If you are looking for a more conventional guard dog, other breeds may be more suitable. Border Collies are better suited for families that value their intelligence, loyalty, and willingness to protect when necessary but do not desire an aggressive dog.

Little-known Facts

Origin of the Name "Collie": The term "Collie" does not only refer to Border Collies but originally was a generic name for shepherd dogs in Scotland. The word "Collie" is derived from the Scottish Gaelic "cuilean," which means "useful dog."

They Are True Canine Athletes: Besides their intelligence, Border Collies are also known for their amazing agility and speed. In fact, they are often used in agility competitions, where they demonstrate their ability to overcome obstacles with grace and dexterity.

Most Border Collies Are Bicolor: Although many people associate Border Collies with black and white coats, they can come in a variety of colors. Surprisingly, most of them are bicolor (black and white or red and white), but there are also tricolor Border Collies and even merles.

They Can "Eye Commands": One of the remarkable abilities of Border Collies is their capacity for "eye commands." They can control the movement of livestock with just a penetrating and intense gaze, without the need to bark or bite.

World Record for Canine Memory: In 2010, a Border Collie named Chaser entered the Guinness World Records for her incredible ability to remember the names of over 1,000 different toys. This further highlighted the extraordinary memory and intelligence of this breed.

Border Collie Teamwork: Some Border Collies are trained to work in herding teams, where they demonstrate impressive communication and coordination skills. They can coordinate efforts to move a herd with precision and efficiency.

Surprising Sense of Direction: Border Collies have an amazing sense of direction. They can be taken to unfamiliar places and often find their way back home easily, even when they are far from their familiar territory.

Moderate Vocalization: Unlike some breeds that bark incessantly, Border Collies tend to be moderate in their vocalization. They usually bark when they have something important to communicate, making them great guard dogs.


Border Collies are truly remarkable, not only for their intelligence and herding abilities but also for their unique characteristics and fascinating facts. If you are thinking of adopting a Border Collie as your next canine companion, remember that while they are incredible, they are also dogs that demand a significant commitment of time, training, and mental stimulation. If you are willing to invest, you will have an exceptional canine friend for life.

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